Currently, statistics show that in Madagascar one in ten children do not survive past the age of five. The cause of this horrendous rate of infant mortality can largely be attributed to water-borne diseases that result in diarrhoea, dehydration and all too often death. The roots of the problem are seen to be in the lack of sanitation infrastructure and hygiene practice, resulting in large numbers of pathogens within the environment. The aim of the project was to build 5 latrines in the Ampotatra district of Fort Dauphin using the Ventilation Improved Pit (VIP), designed for a number of extended families.
Located on the southern border of the coastline, Ampotatra is one of the 10 fokontany (village districts) of Urban Commune of Fort Dauphin. Its population is approximately 4,900 and the number of households is estimated to be 500. As in many other Malagasy tribes, the Antandroy have a cultural reluctance to the use of latrines. The local ‘sanitation’ area is the beach, a recreation and leisure area for children and the elderly.
This programme was financed by TVF’s general donations.